Tracking the Integration of the Federal Judiciary

The Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary provides an in-depth listing of minority judges who serve in Article III courts.  Currently, there are 1,350 active and senior status judges, of which only 271 are judges of color, of which four identify as bi-racial.  There are two Native Americans, 149 African-Americans, 96 Hispanic/Latinos, 29 Asian-Americans and Pacific Islander serving in Article III judgeships.† Judges who identify with more than one racial or ethnic group are counted in these groups.  There are also 11 active Article III judges who are openly LGBT.

RI MA NH PR CT VT NJ DE VI MD DC FED GU MP AS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 (1st Circuit) (3rd Circuit) (9th Circuit)


Supreme Court


Asian-American & Pacific Islander Hispanic/Latino Native


The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices. At its discretion, and within certain guidelines established by Congress, the Supreme Court each year hears a limited number of the cases it is asked to decide. Those cases may begin in the federal or state courts and usually involve important questions about the Constitution or federal law.


Court of Appeals


Asian-American & Pacific Islander Hispanic/Latino Native


The 94 U.S. judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a United States Court of Appeals. This court hears appeals from the district courts located within its circuit and appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies. In addition, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.


District Courts


Asian-American & Pacific Islander Hispanic/Latino Native


The United States District Courts are the trial courts of the federal court system. Within limits set by Congress and the Constitution, the District Courts have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters.


There are 94 federal district courts, including at least one district court in each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Three territories of the United States—the Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands—have District Courts that hear federal cases, including bankruptcy cases.


* 0.2% - Native Americans
† Number reflects judges that identify as part of more than one racial or ethnic group.




Information about judicial appointments is collected from information made publically available by the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, and the United States Committee on the Senate Judiciary Committee. Information for the 2015 Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary was collected through July 31, 2015. To learn more about the federal court system you can go to:


Copyright Permissions


The Minority Corporate Counsel Association hereby grants permission for copies of the information herein to be made, in whole or in part, for classroom use in an institution of higher learning or for use by not-for-profit legal service organizations, provided that the use is for informational, non-commercial purposes only and any copy of the materials or portion thereof acknowledges original publication by the MCCA, including the title of the report, and stating, "Cited by permission of the Minority Corporate Counsel Association. All rights reserved." No part of this report may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. To request permission contact MCCA at


Partnership with JTB-APO

Just the Beginning - A Pipeline Organization logo

MCCA, in partnership with Just the Beginning - A Pipeline Organization, tracks and annually publishes the Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary.

United States Circuit Courts

First Circuit Seventh Circuit
Second Circuit Eighth Circuit
Third Circuit Ninth Circuit
Fourth Circuit Tenth Circuit
Fifth Circuit Eleventh Circuit
Sixth Circuit Fed/DC Circuit

Active Article III Judges

Click below to view a complete list of Article III judges based on race, ethnicity or find out which president appointed them.


& Pacific Islander

Native Americans
Native American

President Barack Obama
United States


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